Magnolia Scale

Neolecanium cornuparvum

These photos were taken on July 28, 2023 in Rancho Serrano Park and is the version of scale we see in our HOA. Note the lady beetles and their larva feasting on the scale crawlers in the last image. There are also some features that might be exit holes from parasitic wasps. This infestation will likely be brought under control by predator insects without pesticide intervention.